Professional Ethics Huang Yanpei Vocational Education Thought and Value; Although more than 100 years have passed, the vocational education thought of professional pioneer Huang Yanpei still has great reference value for the development of vocational education in China today. In recent years, the state has successively issued relevant documents on vocational education, which shows that the state attaches great importance to it.
Here are the articles to answer, the doubts about the Professional Ethics Huang Yanpei Vocational Education Thought and Value!
This doubt first analyzes the content of Huang Yanpei’s vocational education ideological system from five aspects: the role, purpose, school-running policy, teaching principles, and professional ethics education of vocational education.
Huang Yanpei was born in an era of national crisis. His parents were intellectuals, so he was exposed to Confucianism when he was a child. In 1901, he was admitted to Nanyang Public School. Cai Yuanpei, who advocated new education, became his teacher. Influenced by Cai Yuanpei, he began to explore and practice saving the country.
After returning from overseas inspection in 1917, he convened the public in Shanghai to set up the China Vocational Education Society and issued the “Declaration of the China Vocational Education Society”. These two actions gave birth to his vocational education thought.
Huang Yanpei’s Vocational Education Thought Content;
The role of vocational education;
Huang Yanpei believes that the development of vocational education is conducive to solving the biggest and most difficult livelihood problems faced by our country in the past. Vocational education can promote the development of each person’s personality so that everyone can obtain a means of making a living by learning a profession, and solve the livelihood problem that everyone cares about most; it also meets the society’s needs for talents from all walks of life; the most important thing What is important is that the level of the labor force after receiving vocational education will be greatly improved, thereby improving the quality of produced products and enhancing the country’s comprehensive national strength.
The purpose of vocational education;
At the same time, Huang Yanpei also proposed that vocational education in vocational schools should satisfy both the material and the spirit of the educated. Taking pleasure in one’s career is not only the professional purpose of the past but also should be the ideal working state of every professional of us today. In short, the purpose of letting a person learn a skill is not only to make him proficient but also to make him like his future career. You may like to read Mission and Vision Statement Business Essay.
The school-running policy of vocational education;
He advocated that schools should follow the two principles of socialization and science when developing vocational education. First of all, the socialization of running a school is reflected in that the types of occupations offered by schools should closely follow the needs of the times and society. Secondly, scientific schooling refers to vocational education as a new type of education. Schools will encounter many problems in the process of developing vocational education. As school leaders, they should have the ability to use scientific methods to solve problems.
Teaching principles of vocational education;
He believes that the principle of running a vocational school is “integration of work and study”. Students need to use their brains to learn basic theoretical knowledge, and they need to use their bodies to receive skill training. He was very opposed to the school at that time only allowing students to learn theoretical knowledge without allowing students to operate. He firmly believes that only by combining hands and brains can the workforce needed by society be cultivated.
Professional ethics education;
Dedication is the most important professional ethic. Students should recognize and love their profession. In addition, students must have a sense of service and cooperation, and actively establish a good cooperative relationship with their classmates. Professional ethics education is very important for cultivating students’ professional ethics. What do you know about Construction Lawyers’ Professional Ethics in China?
The background of Huang Yanpei’s vocational education thought;
Affected by external factors, my country’s industry and commerce obtained rare development opportunities at that time, and the demand for talents in all walks of life increased rapidly. However, Huang Yanpei found that it was still very difficult for students to find employment after actual inspections in many provinces. The main reason was that at that time, schools and industrial classrooms generally taught students theoretical knowledge and lacked practical skills training.
This is the “common problem” that all schools carry out vocational education under the background of feudal society. Under this educational background, even though the country’s education is becoming more and more developed, there are more and more highly educated unemployed. Therefore, he vigorously carried out vocational education, and gradually formed an ideological system of vocational education through his practical teaching.
His vocational education thought originated from the four major educational thought trends at that time. One is the pragmatism education thought headed by Dewey. Huang Yanpei trains students in half-day work and half-day study at his school.
The second is the ideological trend of civilian education. In his book “Three Desires to Run Vocational Education”, he clearly stated that the biggest beneficiary of vocational education was the civilians at that time, which was related to his acceptance of Confucianism.
The third is the influence of the scientific education trend of thought. He believes that scientific methods should be used to solve the problems encountered in the process of developing vocational education.
The fourth is the work-study education trend headed by Li Shi. In the vocational school established by Huang Yanpei, the learning mode he adopted is a combination of half-day work and half-day study.
In the later period, he also developed two new methods based on the past: “Professional Consistency” and “Learning Consistency and Mutual Progress”.
The Contemporary Value of Huang Yanpei’s Vocational Education Thought;
The current high school entrance examination reform policy stipulates that general high school and vocational high school are divided at a ratio of 5:5, and the division is inevitable. In the future, most students will only be able to attend vocational schools after graduating from junior high school. However, the current situation of vocational education in our country is not very ideal, and there are many problems with its implementation, so it is very urgent to improve the quality of vocational education in our country.
Improve the socialization level of vocational education;
Today’s vocational education needs to improve the level of socialization. Socialization is mainly reflected in the establishment of majors in schools, the way of student training, and the socialization of teaching staff.
First of all, the type of majors established by the school should be in line with the needs of society at that time. On the one hand, vocational colleges in the new era need to conduct a comprehensive survey of the local industrial market to keep abreast of the types of talents required by the market, and on the other hand, they must do a good job of forecasting and planning for the direction of future talent demand.
Secondly, the socialization of student training means that in the process of cultivating students in vocational colleges, we must insist on cultivating the technical and practical talents that society needs. It is Huang Yanpei who advocates the combination of hand and brain.
On the one hand, with the help of national policies, school-enterprise cooperation can be used to provide students with opportunities for off-campus internships, and they can be cultivated in a work-study model. On the other hand, improve the internship system and strictly require the process.
Finally, the socialization of the construction of teachers’ teams is mainly reflected in the sources of teacher recruitment and on-the-job training in vocational schools. At present, most teachers in vocational colleges have high educational levels, but lack first-line experience and low skill orientation. Therefore, colleges and universities consider recruiting both full-time vocational teachers and part-time teachers. Those with weak skills are developed into qualified double-qualified teachers through on-the-job training.
Implement the individual needs of vocational education;
In the process of vocational education, it is necessary not only to pay attention to social needs but also to implement the individual needs of students. This is the goal that Huang Yanpei pursued from the beginning. Vocational college leaders and school teachers need to do three things well.
Once you fully understand and observe each student, and communicate with each student on an equal basis, the majors chosen by newly admitted students may not be suitable, so teachers need to help them find suitable majors.
The second is to provide them with a second choice so that students can work hard in the direction they are suitable for and like. Three schools should develop talent training programs that vary from person to person, and set up corresponding courses according to different majors.
Attach importance to professional ethics education for professionals;
Vocational education should not only allow students to master certain theoretical knowledge and receive skill training, but also pay attention to students’ professional ethics education. Modern schools can learn from the content of moral education advocated by Huang Yanpei.
First of all, cultivate the professional outlook of future professionals who are dedicated and happy. In the current society, behaviors lacking professional ethics often appear, such as the milk powder incident many years ago, and the use of expired peanuts in peanut oil workshops. Therefore, in the process of educating students, we need to pay attention to cultivating their sense of work responsibility and improving their teamwork ability.
Secondly, guide students to establish the concept of labor that working people are sacred.
Finally, schools should increase the efforts to carry out patriotic education for students, that is, to integrate the education content of students’ patriotic thoughts into daily education.
Combine multiple forces to jointly promote the development of vocational education;
Huang Yanpei believes that vocational education can be developed only by combining various forces. The National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan promulgated by my country in 2019 suggests that vocational colleges can cultivate future professionals through school-enterprise cooperation.
First, some scholars focus on the development mode of vocational education under the school-enterprise cooperation model. Schools and enterprises can jointly develop vocational-related courses and establish a school-enterprise community. Some scholars also research specific practices. By reading the research results of previous scholars, it is found that both theoretical and practical levels are moving towards a higher level.
Secondly, some scholars conduct in-depth research on the use of mixed systems in vocational colleges from the theoretical and practical levels. In 2014 and 2015, the state also issued relevant documents to encourage mixed schools. Liu Dan (2017) studied the specific implementation process of the school-running model of secondary colleges jointly established by enterprises with mixed ownership and vocational colleges.
Finally, some scholars have studied the cooperation between government, occupation, enterprise, and bank. Based on previous research by scholars, the government should urge enterprises to fulfill their due obligations by combining rewards and punishments, and ensure that skills will be improved after practical training.