Climate Change Essay; It is the gradual increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature. It is caused by the emission of gases and particles into the atmosphere, and by the absorption of energy from the sun. The Earth’s climate has always been changing, but the rate of change has increased in recent decades.
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The Earth’s climate is determined by the average temperature of the atmosphere and the oceans. The atmosphere contains about 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen, and these gases trap energy from the sun. The oceans are a huge reservoir of heat, and they can slow or speed up the warming of the atmosphere.
Introduction to climate change essay and its effects.
Climate change in the world can be caused by various activities. When climate change occurs; temperatures can increase dramatically. When the temperature rises, many different changes can occur on Earth. For example, it can result in more floods, droughts, or heavy rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. Oceans and glaciers have also experienced some changes: oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, glaciers are melting, and sea levels are rising. As these changes frequently occur in future decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and environment.
During the past century, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Most of the gases come from burning fossil fuels to produce energy. Greenhouse gases are like a blanket around the Earth, trapping energy in the atmosphere and causing it to warm. This is called the greenhouse effect and it is natural and necessary to support life on earth. However, while greenhouse gases build-up, the climate change essay and result in dangerous effects on human health and ecosystems.
People have adapted to the stable climate we have enjoyed since the last ice age which ended several thousand years ago. A warmer climate can bring changes that can affect our water supplies, agriculture, power and transportation systems, the natural environment, and even our health and safety. Some climate changes are unavoidable, and nothing can be done about them. For example, carbon dioxide can stay in the atmosphere for nearly a century, so Earth will continue to warm in the future. What are the doubts about Cobots in Manufacturing?
Solutions to climate change.
Global warming has taken effect in the world over the last century. It is the unusually rapid increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels. Global warming is due to the enhancing greenhouse gases emission and build-up in the Earth’s environment. The gases that influence the atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, dinitrogen-oxide, and methane. Almost 30 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected into space by bright surfaces like clouds and ice.
In the other 70 percent, most are absorbed by the land and ocean, and the rest is absorbed by the atmosphere. The absorbed solar energy heats our planet. This absorption and radiation of heat by the atmosphere are beneficial for life on Earth. Today, the atmosphere contains more greenhouse gas molecules, so more of the infrared energy emitted by the surface is absorbed by the atmosphere. By increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases, we are making Earth’s atmosphere a more efficient greenhouse.
Climate has cooled and warmed throughout the Earth’s history for various reasons. Rapid warming like we see today is unusual in the history of our planet. Some of the factors that affect climates, like volcanic eruptions and changes in the amount of solar energy, are natural. Climate can change if there is a change in the amount of solar energy that gets to the Earth. Volcano eruptions can affect climate because it spews out more than just lava and ash when erupts. Volcanoes release tiny particles made of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere.
The scientific consensus on climate change.
These particles get into the stratosphere and reflect solar radiation out to space. Snow and ice also have a significant effect on climate. When snow and ice melt Earth’s climate warms, less energy is reflected and this causes even more warming. There are many different ways that plants, animals, and other life on our planet can affect climate. Some can produce greenhouse gases that trap heat and aid global warming through the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide is taken out of the atmosphere by plants as they make their food by photosynthesis. During the night, plants release some carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere.
Methane is made while farm animals, such as cattle and sheep digest their food. Cars and trucks can affect climate by releasing carbon dioxide when fossil fuels are burned to power them. When wildfires occur, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. However, if a forest of similar size grows again, about the same amount of carbon that was added to the atmosphere during the fire will be removed. Some effects that scientists have predicted in the past would result when the global change was occurring: loss of sea ice accelerated sea-level rise and more intense heat waves.
Scientists have confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gases produced by human activities. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated that the extent of climate change essay effects on individual regions will vary over time and with the ability of different societal and environmental systems to mitigate or adapt to change. This has been the warmest decade since 1880.
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2010 and 2005 have been the warmest years on record. The earth could warm by an additional 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit during the 21st century if we fail to reduce emissions from burning fossil fuels. The rising temperature will have significant effects on the earth’s climate patterns and all living things. Industrial activities that our modern civilization depends upon have raised atmospheric carbon dioxide from 280 parts per million to 379 parts per million in the last 150 years.
We need to take part and try to stop global warming and other effects of climate change essay. If the earth’s temperatures continue to rise in the future, living things on earth will become extinct due to the high temperatures. If humans contribute to controlling global warming, this world would be cooler and the high temperatures we currently have would decrease. If everybody as one takes a stand and tries to end most of the climate changes that are occurring, this world would be a safer place to live in.